The Charlottenburg Palace was built by Elector Friedrich III as a summer palace for his wife Charlotte in 1699. This regal estate is the largest palace in Berlin and is the only surviving royal residence in Berlin dating back to the Hohenzollern family era. After Friedrich crowned himself as the King Friedrich I of Prussia he commissioned German architect Eosander von Göthe to enlarge the palace. The palace was extended on both sides and an Orangerie was added to house exotic plants during cold winter days. Inside the palace a new room described as the 8thWonder of the World was added with rooms decorated with real amber panels (The Amber Room). It was later gifted by Friedrich to the Russian Emperor Peter the Great as a diplomatic gift in 1716. In subsequent years the palace was used as the royal residence of Prussian Kings. The palace was badly damaged during WWII and was rebuilt starting in 1950s.
Nowadays the palace houses a collection of 18th century French paintings which is the largest of its kind outside of France. Visitors can see the Old Palace richly decorated in baroque style, Chinese and Japanese porcelain collections, as well as the New Wing with its rococo splendor and fine furniture dating back to the days of Friedrich the Great.
The Charlottenburg Palace is surrounded by a large Formal Garden featuring a belvedere, a mausoleum, a theatre and a pavilion on its grounds. Originally designed in the baroque style in 1697, the garden was subsequently re-designed in the English Landscape style in 1787. After WWII the center of the garden was restored to its original baroque style.